The underlying master plan of Litang Area designed by RhineScheme (1st prize of the int’l urban planning competition) focused on the Culture Park itself.
The goal of the urban design has been to create a cultural district of international esteem, integrating existing museums and theatre and incorporating a whole series of new cultural and public facilities.
As a result of the subsequent landscape design competition, equally awarded with a 1st prize, a design team under the leadership of RhineScheme’s planners together with architects from the international scene has created a dynamic set of cultural spaces that are interconnected and unified through the artful use of water as the core design element.
Tianjin has many smaller park areas, but this vast territory offered the possibility to create something like a representative ‘garden salon’ for the whole city.
To fulfill its public function, a core area with the dimensions of about 400 x 1200 meters has been kept as parquet free of any buildings: a generous, grand open space commensurate with the scale of the city, able to accommodate a variety of public events, like open air expositions, public celebrations, festivals, concerts, and public viewings.
The site encompasses an area of 90 ha with a 10 ha lake at the centre. The lake is not only a major recreational resource, but essential element of the overall sustainable water management concept, unique in China in this dimension. The accumulated storm water of the cultural
district is stored, re-used, slowed down and drained off. The lake is fed completely by rainwater. By this innovative system an expensive extension of the combined sewerage system could be avoided. The lake has its own natural biology and reduces temperature extremes and increasing outdoor comfort. A vast urban promenade winds through the site, with its focal point and simultaneously the most dramatic viewing point along the lakeshore front of Tianjin’s new Opera House. An ecological park, gardens, plazas, and terraces are surrounding the lake and connect visitors to fine and performing arts as well as science and history, to museums, theatres and library as well as a retail and youth centres. The landscape dedicated to promoting cultural pursuits also provides simple pleasures of sport and recreation including skating, picnicking and other opportunities for generations to interact. The award-winning design concept integrates intimately human-scaled spaces allowing visitors to the park to enjoy meditation in the quiet and serenity of the gardens. So, while the Culture Park is an international destination, it is designed with the people of Tianjin at its heart.
Location: Tianjin / China Client: Tianjin Planning Bureau Int’l Urban Planning Competition: 2008 – 1st prize Int’l Landscape Design Competition: 2009 – 1st prize and subsequent design commission Landscape Planning area: 90 ha Detailed Landscape Design: 2009-2011 Close of construction: 2012, June Urban Planning & Landscape Design: Rhinescheme GmbH (www.rhinescheme.com) with Atelier Dreiseitl Design Team: Wolf Loebel Arch., Schaller/Theodor Arch., 3Pass, Stefan Schmitz Arch. Awards: ‘Iconic Award’ 2013 by the German Design Council (winner in the category “Urban Planning Concept”), ‘MIPIM asia award’ 2013 (winner in the category “Best Urban Regeneration Project” in Asia)