The volume is fixed according to the rigid city-planning rules that prevail within the scope of the PAU de Vallecas and the optimization of the space to obtain the highest amount of apartments asked by the developer. Thus, the façade remains as one of the most powerful instruments to manipulate the perceptive scale. The official facade opens towards the commercial street. It gathers the commercial premises and the three accesses (parking in and out and pedestrian). We decided to create a single welcome space, big enough to interact with the scale of the building. This hall area is completely open on both sides and its rectangular shape stablishes a dialogue with the free-form platforms of the mailbox area.
The building poses reflections dealing with the scale reduction, bringing a friendly relation with the surroundings. The façade is splitted in small colored units that are able to transmit a changing sensation, a dynamic chameleonlike skin. The volume crystallizes through open celled polycarbonate panels fixed over aluminum profiles, creating a sustainable and recyclable skin. Gradation of tones and brightness achieve the right combination in order to make the entire façade vibrate. Instead of the common window roll-up blind, we have designed specific shutters for the project. Three-hundred and sixty-nine openings fixed through six different types, made in aluminium and finished with the same open celled polycarbonate panels used in the façade.
Energy-efficient, ecological, easy and fast placing on site, UV-Ray protection and high impact resistance are the main features of this material. In the inside, a long courtyard flanked with access galleries provides the apartments with light and crossed ventilation, helping them to become completely open to two opposed facades. The light galleries made out of steel wind through the inner void and optimize the ratio of vertical access cores on each floor.
PROJECT: 123 SOCIAL HOUSING APARTMENTS IN VALLECAS (MADRID). SPAIN. LOCATION: AVENIDA DEL ENSANCHE DE VALLECAS, 47-51, P.A.U. ENSANCHE DE VALLECAS. MADRID. SPAIN PROJECT YEAR: 2006 CONSTRUCTION YEAR: 2007 – 2009 COMPLETION DATE: SEPTEMBER 2009 ARCHITECTS: SOMOS. ARQUITECTOS, LUIS BURRIEL BIELZA / PABLO FERNANDEZ LEWICKI / JOSE ANTONIO TALLON IGLESIAS STRUCTURAL ENGINEER: DEROMAN S.L. ENGINEERING: GD INCO S.L. QUANTITY SURVEYORS: MIGUEL ASENSIO RIVERA / MARIA JOSE LAPUERTA MORANTE FAÇADE CONSULTANT: PROESGA POLYCARBONATE: GALLINA.S.R.L. CLIENT: EMPRESA MUNICIPAL DE LA VIVIENDA Y SUELO EMVS BUGDET Euros: 6.115.627,97 EUROS SITE AREA: 1.318 M2 BUILDING AREA: 1.170 M2 GROSS FLOOR AREA: 14.934 M2 BUILDING COVERA