Building physics is the inspirational source for conditioning the interior of this small dwelling, set in the temperate climate hemispheres. Namely, protection against the radiation of the summer sun and optimal heat extraction by wind led to its specific shape.
Moreover, the floor of this house radiates either warmth or coolness depending on the season.
Additionally, when needed, warm air along the sliding window façade flows through the space to the daylight, a windowpane high up in the volume. Extra convectional flow can counter heat loss during winter time.
However, regarding ventilation, depending entirely on natural phenomena is not realistic. For that reason, forced ventilation of fresh air is implemented at the lower end.
Newly conceived apparatus of prismatic shape is suggested here. These stackable boxes can get any desired configuration, depending on their position in the interior space. Because of the emphasis on appearance, these units may be mounted in view. In this configuration, the modules are placed on the floor in front of the window struts.
Night ventilation, especially at stake during summer, is manually operated by turning a hand-held spindle.
Therefore, the energy requiring elements in this design are limited. Think of the mechanical pumping of water, incidentally blowing air up out of the convector and the electrically operated façade vents on a regular basis.
A solid façade and roof with heat absorbing capacity seem logical for this kind of building. However, if properly insulated with high grade (wool) insulation, a timber based structure (balloon method) is conceivable. In either case, the insulated foundation floor will be poured out of concrete. Metal is proposed as a sturdy outside finishing for the practically vertical and horizontal planes. Expensive but maintenance free.
As a kinked tube with only opening at its ends, this building implies a specific use. It will be experienced as a protective shell while at the same time being connected to nature.
Zones for living and working can be distributed in various ways along the L-shaped section. In this scheme, the working space is lit by even daylight from the North. One part of the chimney can become a sleeping quarter, by implementing an entresol. The vertical shaft will then provide some additional floor space.
From the outside, the homogeneous cladding by just one material stresses the experimental and adventurous lifestyle of the inhabitant.
Maarten Douwe Bredero creates spatial objects and makes murals in public space. His designs cover the scale from urban planning to furniture. In this work, first comes a careful integration of scale, orientation and behaviour in the pending context. This setting is more than the morphology of the site, the surroundings. Often functional interpretations and historical references are at order. In this complying to the overall setting, sometimes the contrast is not shunned.
All within the conviction that specific expressions can have universal meaning and value. Central at any rate stands an appeal to feelings of poetic wondering.
Maarten Douwe holds a Bachelors degree in Civil Engineering from The University of Calgary, followed by a Masters in Architecture at Delft University. His qualifications are completed with various relevant trainings, ranging from philosophy to artistic painting. He grew up in the Caribbean.
See also the website www.maartendouwebredero.com.