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The Barnes Foundation

Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects

America settentrionale | Philadelphia

The city of Philadelphia was laid out in the early colonial period as a rational grid with four quadrants and a central square that, in the late nineteenth century, became the site of an Empire-style City Hall; until recently, no building in Philadelphia was allowed exceed in height the tower of City Hall with its famous statue of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. After World War One, a long axial boulevard, the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, was created leading northwest on a diagonal from City Hall. Reminiscent in form to Paris’s Champs-EÅLlyseÅLes, the Parkway terminates in the broad flight of steps leading to the Philadelphia Museum of Art (utilized to impressive effect in the first Rocky movie). It’s a remarkable neo-Classical landscape, one of the finest set-pieces in a North American city. The various cultural institutions lining the Parkway have now been joined ...

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