The alarming effects of climate change on water resources, and the impact this has had globally have put entire populations at risk. The Brazil Pavilion at Expo 2025 Osaka will address the country's greatest patrimony: the Amazon rainforest, highlighting its significance in the search for ways of lessening the environmental impacts the world is facing. In order to discuss the role and potentialities of the Amazon within this scenario of growing ecological and economic threats, we are focussing on the "Flying Rivers": a natural phenomenon that brings to light the interrelationship between the forest, climate, energy, food and life. It demonstrates how something, however distant, may be intrinsically related to people's quality of life in any part of the world.
The ramp that leads the the upper level of the pavilion introduces the Flying Rivers to visitors in an immersive experience that occupies its entire perimeter. Along its path, screens present animated images of the phenomenon as seen from inside the rainforest, from the clouds’ perspective, explaining their formation, course and relevance. The content is complemented by easily digestible data, forest sounds and weather manifestations. Throughout the immersion, the visitors collaborate with their own experience as they make their way through the ramp and their footsteps generate the energy needed to keep the screens working. On the outside of the ramps, a matte aluminum finishing reflects the surrounding movement.
The building solutions and materials chosen seek to reduce the building’s carbon emissions. Among these solutions is the use of recycled materials, as well as technology that aids in the energy production for the pavilion. Pavegen floors in areas of high circulation, such as the ramps, convert the kinetic energy from people’s footsteps into electrical energy (5 watts per step); and the photovoltaic film applied to the canopy is estimated to produce 82.450 kW throughout the Expo’s duration.
The Pavilion’s envelope, composed of a light and highly reflective covering, and the permeable metallic curtain allow for continuous natural ventilation throughout the building, keeping inde temperatures lower.
The Brazil pavilion projects a subtle shade over Osakan soil. Throughout its three floors, the pavilion approaches water as the source of life by means of the Flying Rivers: dense clouds filled with water that fly above Brazilian territory. The volume stands as a canopy suspended by porticos that draws a memorable curve in the horizon. Within it, a solid central nucleus surrounded by a metallic curtain composed of a fluid weave that moves with the wind and serves as a screen to the outside world. A fold in the curtain reveals the inside of the pavilion to the public. Inside this ample double height space permeated by fresh vapor, a hermetic volume hangs beneath a cloud, supported by two elements: a translucid box and a tunnel, reflective and profound. The Brazilian pavilion proposes a dry, modular structural system with simple connections. On the ground floor, the path through the building is organized around a large central walkway. This passage leads to the first immersive experience within the ramps that lead to the exhibition space above. The ramps are an invitation to pass by as well as to linger. The roof of this administrative volume is the main exhibition space. A sensory and immersive experience invites visitors for a walk on water: an artificial riverbed, over which the exhibition will be reflected. Beneath the canopy, a cloud of vapor forms, dense yet fleeting, as if it will pour the waters of the Amazon over Osakan soil.
Symbolized by the powerful imagery of water that flies within dense clouds, the Flying Rivers pavilion puts Brazil forward as a generator of life. Life that is manifest in the biodiversity of our land and empowered by numerous sources of renewable energy.
Studio MK27 located in city of São Paulo was founded in the late 70’s by architect Marcio Kogan and today is comprised of 50 architects and various collaborators worldwide. Kogan is an honorary member of the AIA (American Institute of Architecture) and Professor at Politecnico di Milano. He leads a team of architects who, for the most part, have been working with him for over a decade. The team, coordinated by four directors, is constituded by three main squads: the interior design team, lead by Diana Radomysler, the architecture team, lead by Suzana Glogowski and Renata Furlanetto and the communications team, lead by Mariana Simas. The team, great admirers of the Brazilian modernism generation, seeks to fulfill the task of rethinking and giving continuity to this iconic architectural movement. The projects of Studio MK27 place value on formal simplicity and attention to details. In 2025 Studio mk27 will represent Brazil at Expo Osaka, designing the new edition of the pavilion.