In the case of the redevelopment project of the monumental complex of the “Incurabili”, the desire is to reunite the three main themes of the city: the celebration of its heritage as a historical testimony, keeping its most representative expressions as a museum (Studio Costa Architecture); the need for hospitals, which are scattered across the city (Studio Barretta); the respect of pre-existing functions, in this case residences (Studio Associato Carafa e Guadagno). The overall project also includes: a conservative restoration work on the entire monument (Studio Associato Carafa e Guadagno); redesign of external spaces (Dodi Moss) and an important redevelopment work of structures (General Engineering Studio) and systems (Ia2 Studio Associato).
Studio Barretta's approach to the project of the Local Health Authority Napoli block 1 in an area of the pre-existing building started almost archaeological, aimed at reconstructing the original design, which was recreated through the superimposition of a survey from the end of the 19th century, a later one from the mid-60s of the 20th century, and its current state. The complex as it appears is the result of several demolition: we have the hospital area, destroyed following the Second World War, and the convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Caponapoli, dating back to 1453, the ruins of which, called Diruto, were partly destroyed by bombing in 1943 and finally demolished after the 1980 earthquake.
The "Diruto" ruins appear today as an incomplete element, a void that interrupts the movement of the complex: hence the need to reconstruct, with a modern point of view, in order to restore the form and the consequent function of this part of the building. From a compositional point of view, the design idea in the competition phase was developed through the configuration of a glass element that was inserted "undercut" on the ruined walls, thus allowing the creation of essential functions inside the entire complex. Following the observations of the Superintendency, it was decided to reconfigure the new volume according to two different orientations and materials. The building's original materials, although chemically the same, will nonetheless appear different because of the present-day techniques and design, and will become a clear visual sign of our aim to restore an objective image. In order not to falsify the building history, it was decided to make the intervention visible, underlying the close relationship that those walls have with the environment in which it is inserted. The pre-existing material maintains the sign of the demolition; the gash is 'stitched' with a band of glass against which the new tuff wall will be built. Time will unify the new and the old, they will be historically stratified exactly as it happened in the past.
Designing today in a complex old city center such as the Neapolitan one inevitably leads to dealing with a consolidated context subjected to multiple constraints. The architects' approach was one of maximum respect for the history and current configuration of the monumental building, but without fears for an intervention with a modern and recognizable imprint.
Barretta&Partners srl was founded in 2013 by Eng. Gianluigi Barretta, as an engineering company, based in Benevento, which brings together professionals with skills in consultancy, design, construction management and management of interdisciplinary relationships in numerous sectors of civil and environmental engineering.
The studio's core business is in the healthcare sector, providing consultancy and planning services to companies and structures with a high technological concentration; it has consolidated its methods and strategies of planning and execution in this sector for ten years.
In recent years, the studio has grown with a new architecture department, based in Naples, and has opened up to challenges in other areas with different design types, from conservative restoration and regeneration of the existing heritage to urban redevelopment; in a comprehensive design vision, which includes the engineering approach as much as the architectural one.