branches that grow on a tree and share the same roots, the concept of the leaf-shaped cluster was created, which defines a new format of social living in which everything is embedded in the landscape and connected via the architectural elements. In order to be able to develop the campus step by step in modular fashion, the design concept is based on a six- to ten-story basic building type, the plan layout of which is composed of four "leaves" in sequence. The shape of the leaf is a recurring motif. Like leaves scattered throughout the campus by the wind, the multiplication, addition, and grouping results in a carpet of buildings, which also creates green, shaded, and well ventilated inner courtyards. The various combinations of the modules made from four “leaves” in east-west or north-south orientation generate numerous constellations of semi-public space between the buildings. In the interior of the development, small single-story, flexibly usable pavilions (120 m²) have been added for communal activities. In between there are fields for sporting activities. In the future, tall trees will provide additional shade in the open spaces between the buildings. Emulating the pattern of four leaves on a branch, the standard floor layouts consist of two clusters with sixteen single rooms each that are grouped around an internal communal space and share sanitary facilities. These residential groups are connected like "branches" by circulation cores as well as a pantry in the center. This creates flowing, meandering spaces that open up to balconies at the curved building facades. The open first floor zones accommodate barrier-free residential units as well as parking for bicycles. Each stairwell features its own color code, thus creating easy orientation and recognizable addresses within the residential area. Additional shaded exterior space is created on the roof terraces that formally top off the buildings.
Owing to the consistently hot climate in Hyderabad, shading and cross-ventilation, and protection against heat and dust, are critical parameters for the design of the buildings. The curved facade consists of alternating, horizontal bands; in contrast to the white plastered closed surfaces, there are open surfaces of rust-red painted vertical louvres (prefabricated concrete components), the coloring of which makes reference to the red earth in the vicinity. The fixed fitted louvres have been positioned at 45 degrees to the sun’s rays, so that the interiors benefit from maximum shading throughout the day regardless of the sun’s position. The distance between the louvres varies depending on the function of the rooms behind. For example, in the area of the approx. 9 m² single rooms, the louvres are closer together in front of the bed to provide maximum privacy and darkness, and are wider apart in front of the desk for good daylight and views. Sliding glazing has been provided for these rooms only. This enables permanent natural cross-ventilation of the corridors in the hostels. In addition, underfloor cooling (comfort cooling), which is a new technology for India, ensures a permanently comfortable interior room climate. This system works by conducting cooled water through a system of pipes in the floor, which makes it possible to lower the room temperature by five degrees compared to the outside temperature. Another objective of the design was to develop a high-quality building module, with a robust construction and unique conceptual design, which can be economically and efficiently implemented by local partners and construction companies in India.
ClientIndian Institute of Technology Hyderabad
Gross Floor Area (mq)57770
ArchitectsVolkwin Marg and Hubert Nienhoff with Kristian Spencker
Design teamMargret Böthig (Competition & implementation project manager); Competition team: Helge Lezius, Tobias Mäscher, Marleen Michaels, Claudia Stelzmann, Peter Axelsen; Implementation team: Claudia Stelzmann, Natasha Nathan, Davide Rosa, Christian Möchel, Florian Illenberger, Silvia Schneider
Main ContractorLarsen & Toubro India (L&T Ldt.)
ConsultantsASTUTE, Engineering Services Pvt. Ldt., JW Consultants LLP
Photo CreditsMarcus Bredt, Margret Böthig
Curriculum studio / partecipanteFormed in 1965 by Meinhard von Gerkan and Volkwin Marg, the architects’ practice gmp is taking on responsibility for a project from its outline design idea through to the construction and interior design. Over a period of more than 50 years all gmp-partners and their team’s completed more than 410 projects to date and won over 380 first prizes in architectural competitions. Most famous is their airport architecture: Berlin-Tegel was opened as a drive-in airport in 1975, which is until today renowned as a blueprint for this typography and started gmp unprecedented history of success.
The practice’s architectural approach is characterized by the Vitruvian criteria: solidity, durability and beauty. Beyond this approach, the practice always complies with the different certified guidelines applicable in different cultural spheres, as agreed with the respective client. gmp is currently involved in several projects around the world, operating in more than 16 countries.
The voting session is closed.