Apartment blocks, public housing
The development of a large area in the south-west of Moscow, outskirts of the Moscow Ring Highway, began in 2009, after the initiation of the ‘Innovation City Skolkovo’ on the site. This ambitious project had attracted the attention of developers. One of the results of this activity is a club-type residential complex, ‘Skolkovo Park for Living’, designed in 2009--2014 by TPO Reserve. The project realizes an uncommon for the city of Moscow development type – a suburban residential quarter. In the context of the Innovation City, the client was interested in a modern solution, which would distinguish the building in some way within the housing typology.
This aim had been achieved by responding to the sum of the complicated setting conditions and national regulations for housing design. The site of 8,7 ha slopes intensively to the river Setun, with an overall relief difference of about 18 m. A view to the picturesque river bank could not be considered as the first design priority and played on, because of its northern orientation. The noisy Ring Highway runs to the east of the site. The most optimal for insolation southern direction overlooks the private residence, influencing the visual isolation and limiting the opening of the flats to this side. The only potential direction to overlook was the west, where the other housing complex, consisting of several residential towers, already rises.
The building receives its form and plastic from all these different factors. The meandering stripe follows the character of the terrain. It rules out the undesirable views thanks to its own geometry. Five gaps interrupt the curve. They open the homogeneous inner space of the complex towards the river and the urban panorama. One-sided apartments occupy the southern part of the building. So a massive circular wall abuts the neighboring park of the private estate and confronts it with a fortress-like image.
The key theme of the building is defined by the peculiarity of a bay window that makes possible the control of the view direction independently of the house’s principal form. The scalene bays change their orientation according to prevailing light or view conditions at the concrete point of the façade. Whether the alcove or the balcony – the layout structure remains hidden behind glass for the outer observer. Two different types of the stone (Jura limestone and brown Maulbronner sandstone) support the plastic intrigue. So emerges the monumental rhythmic canvas in the dimensions of the complex. It changes its color, light-and-shade relations during the day, and surprises with numerous viewpoints and reflections. This solution has an advantage in that it unifies the façade structural elements, in spite of the optical complexity.
The types of apartments are varied according to the housing class. Block 1 includes premium-class, mostly two-sided flats. A typical floor has two 4-rooms flats for each staircase; there are also two-level flats and 2-rooms flats at the southern end of the block. An open gallery on the 7th floor unites the apartments, much like a large theatre box. Other parts of the complex contain 3-room apartments. These enjoy the river view. Also there are one-side 2-rooms flats that look into the inner crescent. The underground parking follows the dimensions of the house, leaving the inner space free for planting.
A delicate landscape solution, realized by the bureau Hyland Edgar Driver (UK), complements the mathematically clear design of the building. This landscape work respects the English park culture. Using a variety of Russian-grown species it creates an impressionable fusion. A green amphitheater emphasizes the large crescent of the building overlooking the entrance. The suburban character of the complex culminates in the efficient use of the ground floors for living function and in the reduction of the infrastructure –the only additional facilities are a small kindergarten and the fitness club for the tenants. All the ground floor apartments correspond to individual gardens that allow residents once more to perceive the picturesque relief and the surrounding nature.
CityZarechye settlement, Odintsovsky district, Moscow Region, Russia
ClientZarechye Development ООО
Gross Floor Area (mq)112375
ArchitectsVladimir Plotkin, Sergey Gousarev, Andrey Travkin, Elena Kousnetsova, Julia Denisova, Maria Ilyevskaya, Elena Kovshel, Ekaterina Solonkina, Tatyana Dyasheva, Anna Stepanova, Andrey Boutousov, Ilya Turin, Sergey Doudoukin, Anna Dmitrieva, Alexandra Vasilch
Design teamFail Kayumov, Viktor Andreev, Yulia Dorskaya, Elena Spiridonova, Elena Rjabova, Ludmila Aristova, Pavel Balashov, Margarita Dachkina, Elena Shashkova, working documentation: PROMSTROIPROJECT
Photo CreditsAlexey Naroditsky
TPO Reserve is a Moscow-based architectural bureau, founded in 1987. More than 300 specialists work in the Reserve; the organizational scheme of the bureau makes it possible to solve professional tasks of wide typology and different complexity. The work of the TPO Reserve has been distinguished with professional awards, among others: “Zodchestvo” National Prize in Architecture, “Zolotoe Sechenie” Prize of Moscow Union of Architects, shortlisted at WAF 2008 in Barcelona. The bureau has represented national architecture at the 11th and 12th Biennale of Architecture in Venice. Chief Architect of the firm, Vladimir Plotkin, graduated from the Minsk Polytechnical Institute in 1980. He is Honoured Architect of the Russian Federation and Professor at Moscow Architectural Institute (State Academy). In 2010, he presented his personal exposition as “Architect of the Year” at the International Architectural Exhibition ARCHMOSCOW.