This building, located on the corner of an intersection near Udine's Municipal Theatre, sits on trapezoidal plot and has a sheltered internal space used as a garden, with a lawn, flowerbeds and trees.
Teatro 1 sets out to achieve three convergent objectives. First, using façades at an angle, it aims to create a section of the cityscape using architecture that is both distinctive and that defines the surrounding area as well as interacting with the volumes that comprise the theatre. Second, it tries to produce an environmentally friendly building that delivers top performance (organic building materials, energy saving, home automation, A+ energy class, and real visual, thermal and acoustic comfort). Third, for most of the living units, the design creates close relationships between indoor and outdoor space, using large windows, long sheltered balconies, big terraces and bioclimatic greenhouses. For this third objective, it was also essential to ensure the architecture continually explores environmental concerns, at times even just for an individual living unit.
Teatro 1 has seven aboveground floors. The ground floor is for shops, with the initial plan envisaging three units, and the rest of the upper floors are for housing. The apartments come in different sizes, ranging from some one and two room flats up to some relatively large, villa-sized apartments on the upper floors. The two basement levels have garages and utility rooms. The three stairwells - two are in the building facing Via Caneva - overlook the inner courtyard. The building has a single entrance, located on the corner. Access to the stairs is either direct, on one side, or via a covered walkway running along the building, with a grassy roof.
The design entails a sophisticated composition of volumes and façades. The street-facing elevations are quite diverse. The blocks of the balconies add volume and at times look like horizontal frames. These large white bands are homogeneous and grouped together, jutting out from the façade on the lower floors. The façades are marked horizontally but there are also vertical glazed elements (i.e. the bioclimatic greenhouses) flush against the façade.
Recesses and overhanging volumes are the key theme of this complex, creating a dynamic effect and adding to the volume. While the lower floors are defined by the overhanging balconies that dominate the elevations and help make the volume noticeable, on the upper floors the overall composition is more fragmented, creating a contrast between the different parts of the building. The recessed sections give the building a slightly angled appearance, producing variety that gives life to the façades. Colours differentiate the walls and the balcony bands, which differ also between the upper and lower levels. Quality living is the underlying goal of Teatro 1, achieved by adopting shared technological solutions, yet there are some distinctive elements that separate the different sections and make the upper "villa apartments" quite recognisable.
Location: Udine, Italy
Client: IRIDE Immobiliare Rizzani de Eccher
Architects: Archest - Annamaria Coccolo e Gaetano De Napoli
Design Team: Lorenzo Paroni, Sonia Soardo, Simone Rossi, Eleonora Oleotto, Claudia Ciulla, Edy Lovisetto, Luca Poian
Art Direction: Annamaria Coccolo e Gaetano De Napoli
Works Management: Stefano Costantini
Contractor: Rizzani de Eccher
Structural: Studio Suraci
Acoustical: Studiodiacustica D'Ambrosio
Glass Facade Engineering: Vega Systems
Rendering and Communication: AK studio
Aluminium Window Frames and Glazing: Metra
Aluminium Cladding: Alubel
Ceramic Pool Tiles: Florim, Floorgres
Prefabricated Structures: Edilgori Glulam
Structures and Infill Panels: Albertani Corporate
Gypsum Board: Knauf
Park Furniture and Playground Equipment: Legnolandia
Gym Equipment: Technogym
Photography: 1/6 © Luca Casonato (Archivio fotografico Rizzani de Eccher), 7/13 © Daniele Domenicali
Archest is an engineering and architecture firm established in 2006 by the merger of design studios Artech and Terratest. It brings together the skills and specializations of these two firms, in particular extensive experience gained over twenty years in Russia and the former USSR. Archest’s founding partners are four engineers and two architects.
The team includes over forty specialized professionals, enabling the firm to undertake major architectural, urban planning, infrastructure, and structural engineering projects. For many years, Archest has approached every project by focusing on energy efficiency and sustainability, while also encouraging each client’s awareness and responsibility in these areas. Bringing together different areas of specialization underpins all the firm’s design activities. Combining a multidisciplinary approach with sustainability has seen the firm win first prize in the international design competition for a new office building for the Province of Parma in 2010.
Archest also won first prize in 2013 in the international competition, held by the Province of Palermo, for ideas for promoting Termini Imerese’s connection with the historic Targa Florio automobile race. More recently, the Archest team has been involved in major research projects in a range of areas, including Living on Water, involving floating homes, and Scuol @ 2., centred on buildings designed according to a new teaching approach. The company’s main offices are in Palmanova and Pozzuolo del Friuli (Udine), with branches in Rome and Atyrau (Kazakhstan). It also recently opened a local office in Moscow.