Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation
The new psychiatric rehabilitation center with an independent sheltered housing unit is positioned within the urban fabric of Bolzano’s historically renown Gries residential district. Sited along the neighborhood’s main street, the center presents itself as a residential building rather than a health-care facility and takes on the chromatic character of the surrounding area with a rhythmic palette of earthy colours that have grown to characterize the neighborhood over the years.
The building is comprised of a base with a rectangular footprint from which two separate, 3-storeyed volumes cantilever outwards to create an inner courtyard open to the sky and crisscrossed by bridging terraces. A central stair connects these two upper buildings and delineates the inner courtyard into two separate patios whereby spaces with varying degrees of privacy and views have been carved out. The entry area with its colourful seating area and adjoining outdoor court is a social hub around which all the more public functions such as the main dining hall, seminar room visitor rooms, exercise room and woodshop all rotate to create a vibrant place to meet and socialize. The therapy and administrative functions are located on the first floor and extend outside to the large first-floor patios while the upper two levels house the private rooms and the sheltered housing component of the project. Throughout the building, circulation routes are punctuated by outdoor spaces and common living areas. In a directed move away from the double-loaded corridor typically seen in hospital design, the hallways serving the private rooms overlook the inner courtyard and permit a more airy and sunny environment. Views across the two buildings promote a connectiveness between the residents without compromising needs for protection and privacy. Indeed the call to balance open, social spaces with more domestic, circumscribed places remained a central theme throughout the design process.
The structural engineering of the building works in tandem with the conceptual framework of the project to ensure a contiguity between the architectural and structural solutions. The unobstructed 7m overhang at the ground floor offers not only a covered entryway but also an outdoor social place, protected from the elements. With this asymmetric, cantilevered disposition of the two upper volumes, the three connective elements of the central stairwell and the two bridges act to counterbalance the loads, holding in equilibrium the composite parts of the project.
The interiors of the project further develop the residential tone of the center where warm, soft hues prevail. Colourful accents in the common kitchens, laboratories, and living rooms break away from the muted tones of the interiors while the bedrooms make for a light-hearted palette of pastels. The furniture is largely custom made with a careful detailing of oak and laminate finishes.
Sustainable aspects of the work
Careful budgetary planning enabled the building to fall under the second highest green certification category (Casa Clima A) with an energy coefficient of 16kWh/m²a. Solar panels, radiant heating and cooling in the horizontal ceiling systems, along with an efficient building envelope contribute to an affordable, easy to maintain, and energy conscious building.
Sandy Attia and Matteo Scagnol partner as MoDus Architects in the year 2000 after having completed their graduate studies at Harvard University. The studio distinguishes itself by its heterogeneous approach to the field of architecture, combining the two different cultural and formative backgrounds into one platform for design ideas. Completed projects range in scale from infrastructure, to buildings, to objects within the buildings, and include public, institutional and private commissions. In recent years the practice has gone on to complete a number of critically acclaimed projects, including the Bressanone-Varna Ring road, the Pre-School, Kindergarten and Family Center in Bolzano, and the Kostner House and Studio in Castelrotto—projects all located in the South Tyrol region of Italy. Subsequent to a series of national and international accolades, several new projects with a wider geographic reach are currently underway, marking a shift in their scope of work.