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A spatial protocol algorithm that generates designs for emergency constructions


Adapta-by-Iancu,Mattoccia,Rubio | THE PLAN

Adapta is a spatial protocol algorithm that generates designs for emergency constructions created by Ruxandra Iancu, Alessandro Mattoccia, professors at IE University, and Rodrigo Rubio.

Scientific research is a great resource for getting adequately prepared for the challenges of the future. Adapta was born precisely to reflect on how design can be a fundamental factor in the formulation of a coordinated and timely response to the crises such as the current emergency caused by COVID-19. Building cannot be a static concept, even design must be able to offer quick solutions. A constantly growing global population needs stringent protocols to mobilize people, spaces of use and equipment in case of emergency, for this:

"Adapta is a good example of how the designer's mind, technology and sense of responsibility can be used in difficult times," says Martha Thorne, Dean of IE School of Architecture and Desig.

The project was born from the minds of Ruxandra Iancu and Alessandro Mattoccia, founders of the 50SuperReal studio and Bachelor in Design and Bachelor in Architectural Studies teachers of IE UniversityIE, together with co-founder Rodrigo Rubio. Adapta is a spatial protocol algorithm that generates designs for emergency constructions useful for quickly generating emergency structure projects that can be replicated anywhere in the world, reducing the overhead costs for architectural design to (almost) zero.

“In a single hour, plans can be drafted for emergency constructions on any continent, all based on the same idea but adapted to each context and needs,” explains Professor Iancu.

Adapta uses a series of dimensional relationships in the internal layouts to create a functional space. Based on the number of people who are expected to use the facility, the program automatically calculates the number of bathrooms, laboratories, storage areas, treatment units and other infrastructure.

“We have considered both patient comfort and the protection and care of medical professionals. During recent crises, we have seen that our countries’ medical teams are working extremely demanding shifts. In some cases, our medical professionals even have to live for long periods of time inside the hospital. Our proposal, therefore, includes rest pods and comfort rooms for hospital staff, separated from patient areas by decontamination units,” explains Professor Iancu.

For example, by applying the algorithm to a 1,500 sqm plot, Adapta is able to provide a project suitable for 200 patient beds, 27 sleeping pods for medical staff, 10 treatment units, 16 intensive care units, 4 diagnosing units, 10 analysis labs, 18 storage units, a canteen fitting 100 people at once with 2 kitchens, 5 patios for natural light and ventilation, bathrooms with showers, waiting rooms and 3 vertical circulation cores.

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