luminated and ventilated by interior courtyards.
The buried building was completely made of reinforced concrete, reaching twelve meters under the ground level. Concrete with added titanium dioxide was used, allowing the concrete to bleach, and also helping like trees with the elimination of toxic gases produced by cars (photocatalysis). In order to support the upper courts and generate the interior space, seven 50 meter long box-type beams were designed complementing the surface with a 20 cm thick reinforced concrete slab. These beams were divided in three sections in order to be transported, lifted and mounted in their definitive position. The sections were built in factory with pre-stressed concrete, and once placed in its temporary supports, the set was post-tensioned to assemble each beam.
The set generated an important structure with a large mass. Given the seismicity of the area, it was necessary to place reinforced concrete walls around the perimeter, capable to withstand the stress caused by an earthquake. The walls were placed in a discontinuous way on three sides of the enclosure to allow the passage of light, stairs and accesses.
CittàSantiago del Cile
Superficie Lorda (mq)7600
ArchitettiGONZALO MARDONES V.
Design TeamGONZALO MARDONES V. GONZALO MARDONES F. MARIA JESUS MARDONES F. LUIS MORALES G. EMILIO URSIC M. CLAUDIO QUEZADA F. MANUEL FUENTES R. CLAUDIO CARRASCO F. FRANCISCO VALDES D. LUCA GARNERONE EMANUEL ASTETE B. SOLEDAD FLORES B. ESTEBAN MARTINEZ B. RODRIGO VEGA A. VICTOR NUÑEZ B.
Main ContractorPROYECTA CONSTRUCTORA
ConsulentiRUIZ Y SAAVEDRA (engineering) PAULINA SIR (light designing) GO GREEN (landscape designing) JUAN EDUARDO MUJICA (technical inspection)
FornitoriPREANSA (prefabricated concrete) TECPRO (green roof)
FotografiNICO SAIEH MANUEL FUENTES SKYE CHAPMAN
Curriculum studio / partecipanteHe gets his degree as architect from the Universidad Catolica de Chile, where he graduates with the Maximum Honors. He receives the First Prize in the Architecture Biennale, for the best degree project among all the Architectural Schools in Chile. He has been a professor of architectural design workshops and directed degree projects in several Chilean Faculties of Architecture and abroad.
He is a Member of the Colegio de Arquitectos de Chile and a Founding Member of AOA “Association of Architectural Practices”, Chile.
In 2016 received the Honorary Fellowship of the AIA American Institute of Architects.
During the last years Mardones had lectures in Chile, Spain, Germany, Guatemala, Bolivia, Ecuador, Argentina, Costa Rica, Colombia, El Salvador, USA and others.
His work has been published by the main architectural magazines in America, Europe and Asia. 4 monographs were dedicated to Mardones works (2 in Argentina and 2 in Chile).