The new building of Lo Barnechea Municipality, in the city of Santiago de Chile, is located at the junction of two of the most important avenues of the commune, in a place open to the imposing geography of the place. Lo Barnechea is characterized for being a limit commune to the east of the city, delimiting directly with the mountain range of the Andes, It is also known as the place where wealthy families coexist.
The design of a municipal building is submerged within the public and private sphere. From the social sphere to that of the greater political obligation of the commune. Therefore, it is a place where inclusion, participation, identity, concentration and social relationship are manifested, as well as pride and sense of belonging. This mixture of situations gave rise to a general party that highlights the conceptual virtues of an eminently public building, which includes a program of flexible use with areas that receive a constant flow of external public; and private areas that host the administrative functions of a municipal entity. A building open to the citizen, but also to its geographical environment.
The idea of an open building is reflected in the fact that the building does not have a front or a back. It is open in all directions, trying to show life inside, allowing from the interior to encompass the environment. For this, an exterior square is planned. At the level of the public space, that is capable of permeating the entire building, and from the inside. It also includes the subsoil, being the base and the lower levels, spatially linked by stairs and double heights, to receive mainly public building activities and services.
The public space is the "heart" of the building. An empty space that runs through a set of double and triple heights. It also has exterior squares or terraces, which are interspersed to allow circulation, recognition of the interior functional complexity and the necessary link with the natural environment of the commune.
Just like the use of the subsoil is important in this building, so is the use of the roofs, creating expansion terraces on the fourth floor and on the upper level. The building is separated into two volumes from the fourth level, intending to generate a public square in height, that divides the functions of the different municipal departments. These are connected with external bridges, allowing to recognize the environment from different fields and perspectives.
Constructively, the building has been entirely solved in a reinforced concrete structure, with incorporated titanium dioxide, an element that allows the concrete to be whitewashed, that helps, like trees, eliminating toxic gases produced by vehicles.
SANTIAGO DEL CILE
LO BARNECHEA MUNICIPALITY
GONZALO MARDONES V.
GONZALO MARDONES V. GONZALO MARDONES F. MARIA JESUS MARDONES F. LUIS MORALES G. EMILIO URSIC M. CLAUDIO QUEZADA F. MANUEL FUENTES R. CLAUDIO CARRASCO F. FRANCISCO VALDES D. LUCA GARNERONE EMANUEL ASTETE B. SOLEDAD FLORES B. ESTEBAN MARTINEZ B. RODRIGO VEGA A. VICTOR NUÑEZ B.
RUIZ Y SAAVEDRA (engineering) PAULINA SIR (light designing) ENRIQUE CONCHA (interior designing) BAU (technical inspection)
VICENTE GAJARDO (sculptures) GLASSTECH (glass and windows)
NICO SAIEH FRANCISCO VALDES ANDRES GOÑI
He gets his degree as architect from the Universidad Catolica de Chile, where he graduates with the Maximum Honors. He receives the First Prize in the Architecture Biennale, for the best degree project among all the Architectural Schools in Chile. He has been a professor of architectural design workshops and directed degree projects in several Chilean Faculties of Architecture and abroad.
He is a Member of the Colegio de Arquitectos de Chile and a Founding Member of AOA “Association of Architectural Practices”, Chile.
In 2016 received the Honorary Fellowship of the AIA American Institute of Architects.
During the last years Mardones had lectures in Chile, Spain, Germany, Guatemala, Bolivia, Ecuador, Argentina, Costa Rica, Colombia, El Salvador, USA and others.
His work has been published by the main architectural magazines in America, Europe and Asia. 4 monographs were dedicated to Mardones works (2 in Argentina and 2 in Chile).