INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN PHILIPPINES
The main intention of this Project is to facilitate the full development of an International Airport in Philippines to become a major gateway. This is expected to alleviate traffic congestion in the NAIA and to accommodate the growing traffic through North and Central Luzon.
We believe that the approach to designing airport buildings must recognise their complexity both in terms of functionality and their technical content; it should also reconcile the needs and expectations of the various stakeholders including the operators, the airlines and most importantly the passengers.
We therefore aim to ensure that the design solution takes full account of the operators’ requirements, offers flexibility and adaptability for the future, creates comfortable and stimulating environment and proves to be a commercial success.
The key principles guided our design approach are:
Integration with existing airport facilities & infrastructure:
The issue will be carefully considered in the master plan of the new terminal compound where the new terminal and its associated buildings will be set to fit neatly into the existing infrastructure including taxiways, roads and below ground services.
The proposed linear arrangement aims to minimise level changes, walking distances and to avoid passenger cross flows.
Safety & security:
The internal arrangement of the terminal provides adequate space for security processing facilities and queuing spaces. Terminal design also provides a good and safe working environment for the staff.
Passenger flow rates, particularly during peak periods have been used to determine the physical space standards and the provision of systems and equipment.
Strategic location & integration of revenue generating facilities:
Proposed arrangement provides for required areas of commercial facilities including retail outlets and concessions with maximum benefits to the operators, whilst minimising their impact on the efficiency of passenger circulation and comfort.
The development of the design for construction will consider both the location and the programme, whilst understanding the challenges for functionality and the passenger journey.
Flexibility & adaptability:
The architectural design of terminals is tending to distinguish between long-term elements (building structure, daylight, processional routes) and short-term alterations. This policy allows the airport to survive as a recognisable entity yet still adapt to management changes.
The linear and modular arrangement offers the best design solution to enable physical expansion of both the terminal and the pier structures towards north and south without any disruption to the terminal operations.
Our design is based on producing structural design and building fabric made up of modular components that require little maintenance.
Energy conscious design:
Our design solution aims to minimise energy consumption and waste through a good understanding of the local climate and the controlled use of natural day light and solar energy.
A special attention shall be paid for local factors, including but not limited to Filipino culture, special requirements for processors, religion requirements, passenger demography, process times, driving habits and stakeholder requirements.
The proposed general arrangement of the interior of the terminal satisfies the required space standards and the levels of service stipulated by the design brief. The processing areas and equipment have all been planned to achieve the optimum operational efficiency.
The design is a circa 110,000sqm composed of rectangular ‘processor’ building and an adjoining 950m linear pier structure. All passenger processes and arrivals corridor on ground level and duty free shops in addition to international departures gates on first level are separated.
The modular steel roof structure covering the entire terminal complex provides an inherently flexible shelter for the organisation of the various processing areas and the public spaces below. Based on a large span structural grid of 24m x 24m, the roof modules have a linear sense of direction from landside to airside and vica versa in parallel to passenger flow. The clear height of the roof structure varies between of 24m and 11m depending on the functions below. Copper, a widely available raw local material, has been proposed for roof cladding, which will not only give the terminal structure a contemporary expression but will also set an interesting precedent for the use of copper in the Philippines construction industry.
Mindful of the local climatic conditions, the fully transparent perimeter walls are set back from the edges of the roof to combat heat gain and glare from the sun. Skylights has been created on the roof to provide natural daylight to areas far from the perimeter of the building.
The proposed overall structural design and detailing of the structural elements intend to express qualities of strength and stability. The deliberately slender section steel columns and beams are reminiscent of wood joinery, with the beams emphasized like local ‘panolongs’ supported by pin-jointed steel columns.
Within the building interior, the cladding materials will be generally of warm colour. Wood and bamboo, commonly seen in Philippine tropical environment, will be used against the visually contrasting smooth back-painted glass to create a contemporary building interior with a sense of belonging to its location.
GMW MIMARLIK was established in 2000 under the leadership of Ali Evrenay Ozveren, who was then a senior partner of GMW ARCHITECTS, a London practice originally formed in 1949. Based in Istanbul, the practice is currently led by Dicle Demircioglu and Pinar Ilki, who joined Ali Evrenay Ozveren as partners in 2011. Following the completion of the new international terminal project at Istanbul Ataturk Airport in 2000 GMWM has been commissioned to carry out several other major international projects in the transportation sector in Europe, Middle East and North Africa as well as in Turkey. Whilst the core business of GMWM remains to be the airport terminal projects the practice has also been responsible for projects in other sectors including offices, retail, hotels and mixed-use developments. GMWM is also a member of the European Architects’ Alliance, a network of offices in 20+ European capitals.
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