The Kağıthane Cultural Center is located at the "Sadabat" region of Istanbul, which was the recreational area during the Ottoman period. The region is reached from the road parallel to the Kağıthane Stream from the shore on both sides of the Golden Horn and from the main artery that extends to this region from the Taksim center. The region is being developed by transforming the old industrial areas into high quality office and housing buildings, shopping centers and recreational areas.
In the design of the building, we targeted to make a structure that is "iconic connected to the function of its form" by constituting a bench mark in this center. We gave shape to a design with visuality and in the form that becomes integrated with its function that makes a call to its performance and cultural function. As a concept of use, we aimed to make it even more activating by increasing the use of the cultural center by composing and combining with each other the cultural center functions and the social use spaces.
There are six main functions of the building:
1. Performance Hall (Concerts, ballet, theater) - 1000-person capacity
2. Exhibition Halls - 500-person capacity
3. Marriage Ceremony and Wedding Reception Halls - Two 500-person capacity, one 600-person capacity
4. Multi-purpose Halls - 4 each 200-person capacity
5. Open Performance Amphitheater - 300-person capacity
6. Parking Garage - 500 vehicle capacities
On the long, narrow building site, we obtained halls that were automatically becoming like an amphitheater by raising with a 9° angle the horizontal rectangular prisms in two different dimensions in a manner that would fit in and we placed the exhibition and marriage ceremony halls below. We joined the two masses with organic flowing lines by sliding slightly the prisms to the right and left of the building site. We constructed the spaces in the joining region as foyers, exhibition areas and office spaces.
The low masses on both sides connected by articulating to the main mass were designed as sections for cultural activity, meeting halls and multi-purpose halls connected to the performance spaces, whereas, the section connected to the wedding ceremony hall was designed as an entrance hall and foyer. The low and high masses were integrated by joining them in a flowing manner.
The foyers and galleries of the halls were shaped by being separated with glass profile walls in a manner that would unite them suitably to the exterior form. They were connected to each other in the third dimension with a sculptural-like staircase-elevator tower. All the halls and foyers can be joined together and separated according to requirements. The cultural education section (multi-purpose halls) can be used separately when the halls are closed. Other than their normal functions, all the halls can be joined together for symposia and congresses and all the foyers can be used for exhibition and fair functions.
The places located above the cultural activity areas (multi-purpose halls) have been organized in a manner so that they could be used as a large open terrace and service kitchen, wedding reception halls or the open area of the performance areas and restaurant.
A 120-person capacity small mosque has been designed that is located at a visible point and that can be accessed from all the halls and foyers. The building façade has been covered with a white mother-of-pearl painted metal clamped framework of the roof as a united framework of the roof and a sculptural-like mass was designed. The façades on the lower halls were considered as windows consisting of uniting semi-permeable reflective silicon. It was sought to create the perception that the glass façade of the main solid mass above the ground story remained in the air.
Strip windows were opened according to the requirements of the spaces behind the main mass and by symbolizing a musical rhythm with the various heights of the windows, it has contributed to the image by making a reference to the function of the building. The panes of glass surfaces on the front road façades of the halls can be transformed into a giant screen facing the exterior, whereas, the large panes of glass surfaces at the back have been designed in a manner so that it can be covered with photovoltaic glass. These panes of glass and rhythmic windows can also be used as external illumination elements of the building mass.
Within the framework of the concepts of design sustainability, it has been shaped in a manner that would make it possible to add eco-technique systems, such as the use of photovoltaic panels, heating pump recyclable air conditioning and ventilation systems and in parallel to these, artesian wells for the underground water. Mechanisms can be articulated that would provide for the decomposition and packaging of garbage.
It was thought that the building covering should have a sun-reflecting attribute and an arrangement was constituted that would provide for natural ventilation between the framework of the roof.
Two broad horizontal gutters throughout the building collect the rain water from the framework of the roof with a gradated siphonic system. The entrance and exit traffic to the parking garage has been organized with 3 ramps at the building periphery. A large open space as a pedestrian area and linear pedestrian use areas at the building periphery have been designed.
İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality, Kağıthane Municipality
Onur Dayıoğlu, Turgay Yaz, Semiha Kavas, Ayşegül A. Avcuoğlu, Gizem Ak, Cansu Hızlı, Mehmet Kemal Aköz, Aras Kazmaoğlu, Beril Demirer, Ayşe Aysu Sarı
Adnan Kazmaoğlu Mimarlık Araştırma Merkezi
Adnan Kazmaoğlu (M.Arch.) graduated from Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University Faculty of Architecture in 1975. 1975-1980 worked as an instructor at Yıldız Technical University Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning.
1982-1987 worked as self-employed architect on tourism complexes and residential settlement projects. 1987-2000 worked on architectural and urban design projects at Miar Mimarlık with his partner Mutlu Çilingiroğlu.
Since 2000, Adnan Kazmaoğlu continues his works of architecture and urban design at Mimarlık Araştırma Merkezi. Mimarlık Araştırma Merkezi has been working on architectural design, urban design, landscape design, project development and consulting branches. Mimarlık Araştırma Merkezi is engaged in different range of projects; housing settlements, residences, office buildings, shopping centers, hotels, tourism & recreation facilities, religious buildings, cultural & entertainment centers and sports complexes.