URBAN MASTER PLAN
Two hills comprise this beautiful site in Montenegro touching Queen’s beach towards the south. To develop this project a study was made on the existing old towns of Montenegro including Kotor and Budva. These old towns have an organic layout with narrow spaces opening into larger piazza spaces in various parts. Although planned centuries ago, they still retain a charm & character that newer development does not have. They have no replication & each part of the town has its own identity. They are large vehicle free spaces & yet work functionally making them pollution free environments. The Sveti Stefan Aman Hotel is another case study we did that shows how an organically planned village 600 years ago still works beautifully with interesting open & enclosed spaces, built in natural stone.
Imbibing the organic character of the old towns of Montenegro, this layout is planned in an organic manner. With the least amount of cutting of the existing land, roads are proposed along the natural levels of the land. The natural valley formed along the centre is transformed into a linear lake that will draw water naturally from the hills in the vicinity. A large park area for the community is created on either side of this lake. The highest portion of the West Hill (Bar) is designed as a large 750 room hotel to be built in stages. The entire layout of this hotel is organic with small room blocks along the existing contours & a large piazza with the public facilities of the hotel overlooking the sea.
The natural contours below have mix of residential buildings & villas. The buildings are created in twisting staircase type forms interspersed with open spaces. Each apartment opens into a large terrace overlooking the sea. The bungalows are proposed at various levels on existing slopes so that each one enjoys uninterrupted views of the ocean & have their own garden areas. The lower levels house residential buildings & individual houses built into the landscape with private open spaces.
The East Hill (Budhva) hill has a large piazza at the highest level planned with art galleries, a few retail shops & many restaurants and bars. Along with this there is a small chapel on one side & a large open stepped auditorium on the other side overlooking the sea. The piazza becomes a focal community space with an organic character derived from the historic towns of the country. The piazza is contextual to its site in a number of ways and is also contextual to the history of its location while having its own identity imbibing the organic character of the old towns of Montenegro. This layout is planned in an organic manner. The zoning of the piazza is done in a manner that restaurants and bars along with the amphitheatre are oriented towards the sea while art galleries and retail spaces are towards the opposite side with a view of the mountains in the rear. The central open space created is split into 3 levels integrated with the existing site contours. This leads into smaller open spaces and pathways that descend organically to a lower level street which weaves through restaurants and retail spaces organically towards the west with glimpses of the sea from between the small built spaces. Each restaurants & bars & art galleries open on to terraces spaces & are interspersed with landscaped spaces along streets that are organic in character.
A hotel of 100 rooms is planned on the divide between Bar & Budva perched just above Queen's Beach. The lake flows below it & a bridge space is created above with a small piazza for the hotel public spaces.
At the mouth of the entire development, two separate roads lead to a large retail mall on one side & a casino on the other. These will generate a lot of traffic and are therefore located in a manner that does not disturb the rest of the development. Large car parking spaces are provided along side with a terminal for electric cars which are the only vehicles which will be allowed inside the 100 acre development. Thus the planning ensures a pollution free environment.
Considering the need for a marina in Montenegro a large one is planned along side the development.
1. All vehicles are parked outside the development, creating a 100 acre car free zone with no pollution.
2. Stone quarried from the site will be used in the construction minimizing the use of external materials.
3. The planning is based on the existing contours of the land to increase the sustainability, reducing the cost of the project substantially.
4. The creation of large lake, large park & landscaped areas interspersed throughout the development ensures a cleaner environment.
5. Recycling of water, rain & ice water harvesting will make the project more self sufficient.
6. A solar farm above the external parking areas will generate some of the power for the entire project.
Sanjay Puri , the Principal Architect of Sanjay Puri Architects, India has been a speaker and a judge at numerous international architecture events including the LEAF & WAF.
His firm founded in 1992, has won 100 international architecture awards including 4 Chicago Athenaeum Awards, 8 WAF Awards, 12 World Architecture Community U.K Awards, the LEAF , 5 Architizer Awards, 3 Hospitality Design Awards, 14 MIPIM Awards and several more.
His firm has successfully completed over 600 projects totaling over 60 million square feet.
Sanjay Puri and his firm of 72 architects now, continue their quest for creating sustainable design, charting new territories of spatial perception simultaneously imbibing the intrinsic values of Indian heritage & culture within their design solutions.