KMH – design of the Royal College of Music
A music workshop cloaked in shimmering gold glass that arouses curiosity and anticipation. Since 2003 we have been instrumental in development of the Royal College of Music (KMH) in Stockholm. The goal has been ambitious – to create the world’s most modern college of music. Along the way we have faced several challenges. Aside from overall high demands on tone control and noise insulation, the educational environment also contains public spaces for performances and experiences. From the exterior, the composition of the new buildings for the College of Music has been interwoven with the listed historic stable facility, creating an inviting whole that enriches both the activities within and the urban landscape. At the Royal College of Music, 21,600 square metres of musical experiences have taken shape and as of 2016 are part of the cultural scene in Stockholm, Sweden and Europe.
The College of Music is a new centre for a vital part of the vibrant and internationally acclaimed music life in Sweden, the educational facilities for new musicians, which also serves as a meeting point and a cultural scene inviting the general public.
Founded in 1771, as the educational part of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, The Royal College of Music in Stockholm is the world’s second oldest. The college has been on this specific site along the boulevard of Valhallavägen since 1956, but over time the school outgrew it’s premises and was dispersed over many buildings with no clear entrance or a generous public space.
The urban planning process was extended for a long period of time. From the architectural competition in 2003 which AIX Architects won, until the legal force of the local plan was gained in 2012 (after a number of time-consuming law appeals), it took 9 years. Building programme and schematic design was running in parallel to the planning process and the principal documents were commenced in 2012 and the building documents in 2013. Building construction on the site began in 2013.
The new composition of the campus for the Royal College of Music, with new buildings interwoven with old buildings, in a complex inner city situation with valuable cultural heritage buildings to be preserved, has resulted in architecture with a unique and strong identity. The void of the old stable courtyard is also part of the cultural heritage and creates a secluded but completely open public space to be used both by students, teachers and bypassers.
The main building, new and cloaked in shimmering gold glass, is combined with a more restrained plastered wing which serves as an entrance to the campus through a portico. Suspended in the portico a bespoke and permanent artwork is created by artist Ebba Matz. The sculpture’s name is “Sch, tyst, lyssna” which means “hush, silent, listen”. In the stone paving leading up to the entrance a sketch with the name “there is no such thing as silence” is engraved. The entrance is situated to the south and allows also for a generous and welcoming outdoor space with an ancient oak tree cautiously preserved on site and in company with new greenery and places to sit in the sun.
Architectural themes have been the notions of music workshop, rhythm and gold-shimmering brass, all of which are also visible in the choice of materials.
The entrance hall in the main building is the “heart of the school” where all the movements, communications and entrances to the halls are gathered. The restaurant here is also open for all.
The college contains four public concert halls for teaching, education and performance. Each hall is designed for different kinds of musical focus with different acoustical needs and this has resulted in four unique characters. The requirements of tone control has called for a great deal of collaboration with acoustic consultants.
Acoustic sound insulation is very ambitious from an international perspective for music colleges, and the insulation degree is very high even between rehearsal rooms and corridors, many rooms are constructed as floating constructions with no contact to the main structure of the building, which has been a challenge for all consultants and contractors. All structural principles, materials, heating fixtures and lighting and are carefully chosen to meet the extremely high acoustical criteria.
The indoor air is to a large extent humidified which is beneficial for both musical instruments and the human voices.
The building has been designed to protect human health and our environment by taking the requirements by the swedish system for certifying buildings (in relation to energy, indoor climate and materials) Miljöbyggnad, degree Silver, into consideration.
The construction was completed in may 2016, and the students moved in in august. A ceremonial inauguration and opening concert attended by the King and Queen was held in January 2017, followed by three days of popular festivities.
The Royal College of Music project contains several commissions for AIX Architects with both the client (Akademiska Hus) and tenant (KMH Royal College of Music) as commissioners.
TEAM: Project Managers: Tobias Rosberg and Margareta Källström. Senior Project Arch.: Jasmina Jovanović Holm. Assistant Project Arch.: Helena Ekelund. Assistant Project Architect Stable and facades: Anders Rosenberg . Arch.conservation expertise: Johan Engström. Collaborators: Silvia Las Heras, Marco Antonio, Sigrid Zenger, Filip Håkansson, Björn Wikmark, Lena Lynch, Sabbe Puskas, Mats Duvnäs, Mats Dahlgren, Eva-Lena Hanses, Per Odebäck, Linnéa Zickerman, Christine Lavelid, Lars Pålsson, Peder Lindbom, Lars Öste, Ethna McDermott, Lotta Lindgren. Project Manager Concert halls: Annika Askerblom. Collaborators: Therese Alston, Jonne Lidström, Bo Jacobsen. Project Manager Stage and Theater: Torsten Nobling. Collaborators: Filip Håkansson, Peder Lindbom, Stephan Kühn. Project Manager Studios: Anne Lagerheim.
AIX Architects is an architectural bureau in Stockholm, Sweden, with extensive knowledge and experience.
We have a staff of 100 people, most of whom are architects, but there are also interior designers, engineers, planning architects, heritage conservationists, theatre consultants and lighting designers, finance staff and IT technicians.
We focus on three main areas: city planning, new construction and renovation/restoration.
Our urban planning commissions include visionary design proposals for major areas and master planning of properties and entire neighbourhoods.
Within new construction, we work mainly on residential properties, schools and public buildings at all stages; from design concept to finished construction documents.
Renovation and restoration involves preserving existing buildings and, usually, adding extensions in a sensitive environment. Drottningholm Palace is an example of an environment that we manage.